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Easy Steps to Harvest High-Yielding Strawberry Fruits in India

Strawberry is one of the most popular cash crops in India. India has ideal soil and weather conditions to grow this nutritious yet exotic fruit. Indian states like Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, and Rajasthan are popular for strawberry cultivation in India. 

When the strawberry season arrives, cultivators in Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra, make tons of money by selling these exotic fruits in small to big outlets. 

Moreover, other popular strawberry-growing states are:

  • Kashmir Valley.

  • Bangalore in Karnataka.

  • Nainital and Dehradun in Uttarakhand.

  • Kalimpong in West Bengal, and Nainital.

  • Dehradun in Uttarakhand.

Interested in growing these exotic yet profitable cash crops? Make sure you have farming tractors like Mahindra 265 or any other powerful model to start this farming while considering the below technical factors.

Technical Factors to Sow, Grow & Harvest Quality Strawberry Plants

The following tips and considerations are important for planting, sowing and harvesting strawberry fruits.

Agro-Climatic Condition

Strawberry fruit farming needs a temperate temperature. These plants require 8-12 hours of sunlight for 10 continuous days to form flowers. However, during the winter season, they stop growing further. 

After winter, spring arrives with the lengthening of the days. As a result, the plants receive sunlight, and the flowering process begins. However, cultivators produced in subtropical areas with mild winters continue to produce new growth.

Land Preparation & Planting

For strawberry planting, the land requires thorough ploughings followed by disc harrowing. You can use efficient John Deere 45 hp tractors to prepare the land and toss the soil.

The soil should have optimum quantities of organic manure prior to planting. These fruits cultivate on flat beds, in the orientation of hill rows or matted rows. Or one can plant them on raised beds.

Watering & Irrigation

These fruits have shallow roots, so they need continuous irrigation to avoid drought-related damage. However, the best thing is that these fruits don’t require a lot of water. So to promote vegetative development, dampening the crop would be enough.

For vegetative development, runners require constant watering after planting. Generally, autumn planting induces vegetative development. Moreover, daily irrigation produces more runners, which in turn leads to the production of early roots in newly planted buds. 

When there is no onset of rainfall during the planting season, it is vital to irrigate the field twice a week. Moreover, in November, the irrigation frequency should be reduced to once/a week. In addition, the irrigation should be performed once every 15 days during the months of December and January.

Propagation of Strawberry

A creeping stalk from the parent plant during summer creates on the leaf axils. A runner plant helps create the second node of the stolon (runner). Further, the runner plants develop a new stolon (runner). However, initially, you may find runner plants generating fewer roots. But in the later stages, they grow volumes of fibrous roots. 

Further, runners are slit from the mother plant after they develop enough roots and have extreme growth for planting. However, the production of runners should be performed on some other bed than the initial one, almost at a distance of either 1.2 × 1.2 m or 1.8 x 1.8 m. You can expect an average of 30-40 runners/plants.

  1. Strawberry Harvesting & Yield

Strawberries become ready to harvest when 50-75% of the berry’s skin looks pigmented. Berry plucking and harvesting starts when the fruits become pigmented to reach long-distance markets in a timely manner. 

How are they harvested?

Fruits are cut 1-2 inches from the calyx, which includes caps or calyx & the stalk. Fruits must be gathered every day or every other day during peak season. The different cultivars produce between 200 to 500 g per plant.

Can you Grow Strawberry Fruits Hydroponically?

What is hydroponic farming? 

Hydroponics is a modern method of growing plants without any soil as a base. In this process, the roots are immersed in water instead of the soil to acquire nutrients to grow. 

In this method, the water circulates in a cycle in a fixed quantity. However, the water needs replacement every 15 days. This removes the obligation to water these plants on an everyday basis. Thus, you save a lot on your water resources and efforts during this.

A grower from Madhya Pradesh named Arvind Dhakad and of, age 38 years, is growing hydroponic thousand kilos of strawberries/cycle on a 3,000 sq ft of land. 

The determined Dhakad says — “The minimum space one would need for this kind of farming is 2×3 square feet. And if you plan a vertical hydroponic system, you can cultivate almost 30 pots at an average cost of about Rs 3,000.

Frequently Asked Questions on Strawberry Cultivation

  1. How long does strawberry fruit take to grow?

Ans. If you are dealing with June-bearing varieties, it can take about 4 weeks from planting to flowering to becoming fruit-bearing.

  1. What is an ideal way to grow strawberries?

Ans. Strawberries require sunlight to produce maximum-quality fruit. Moreover, maintaining planting space of 12 to 18 inches helps get the most out of it. However, these fruits are self-fertile but need bees to carry out the pollination process. And to avoid strawberry plants from taking over the yard, remove runners throughout the season.

  1. Which season is best to plant strawberry fruits?

Ans. Spring, around March or April, is the best season to plant these fruits as soon as the soil dries.

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